Lawn Tennis Rules
Lawn Tennis Rules : Lawn Tennis is a very famous racket sport of the world which can be played among single players as well as a team of two players. This is a game in which players from all over the world participates. This game is played with a rubber ball and a racket. So for the usage of lesser equipment, this game gained popularity. This is also very famous among the Indians because of its easiness in the rules. The people all over the world admire this game and show interest to watch the real matches so much. The game has so many historical bases to know which can lead you to a different world altogether.
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History of Lawn Tennis
In Tennis history, there have so many layers in it. The game is very old in terms of rules and way of playing. There are historians out there who believe that Tennis was played for the first time in Ancient Egypt. The word racket was derived from the Arabic word ‘rakhat’ and it means the palm. But sometimes it is heard that French monks used to play this game in 11-12 centuries. If we want to talk in terms of the professional game, it all started in the year 1872. In tennis history, first-ever Lawn Tennis club was established in Portugal by Hoa Pereira who was a merchant and two doctors named Wellesley Tomkins and Fredrick Haynes. They played the game which was believed to be the Spanish game with the ball, ‘Pelota’. This game was played on the lawn of Leamington resort and this was the main reason why it is called Lawn Tennis or Tennis on a lawn.
The rules for Tennis was first established by a British army personnel Walter Clopton Wingfield. People started calling it Lawn Tennis from 1873. He was the person who patented the game and set the rules to play. He took the rules from a Greek game named ‘Sphairistike’ which was used to be played by a ball. In the tennis history, the first game launched by Mr Wingfield was called Tennis on the green but later on, the original name took place.
Lawn Tennis was a very popular game in Medieval France and the name there was ‘Court Tennis’. It was used to be played among the upper-class people. It is believed that the words used in the game have mostly come from the French vocabulary. The word Tennis is the derivation from the word ‘tenez’ which means hold or catch. The other score related words are also the derivation from the French language.
The Tennis game started making a profit in the 20s. The players started thinking to be professional in this game. They started playing professional tournaments and cups. The time when the US Open started to come into the picture in 1968, the real world of Lawn Tennis was introduced properly.
Rules of Lawn Tennis
Lawn tennis doesn’t consist of so many rules like other games. But the game is neither so easy. There are some critical rules which should be followed during the play. The conventional game has different aspects of playing. There are different categories also in the case of the players who are playing the game.
The division according to the category are:-
Singles game is played between two individuals. It is a one to one game. The singles sidelines are maintained while playing this.
It is played with wide court dimensions among four people, two at each side and they have to be in a common gender. It can be an all-men game or all-women game. The players switch positions after some times in the game.
- Mixed Doubles:
Mixed Doubles is played among four people. But here men and women play as a team. All the rules are the same as the Doubles games otherwise.
The rules of Lawn Tennis are relatively easier than the other sports. The game demands main three things from the players, finesse, dexterity and adroitness. One should be very focused throughout the game to achieve the goal and also has to be hardworking and consistent.
The other rules of the game: –
- Serving Rule:
A toss or a racquet spin is done to choose the player at the serving end and the receiving end. And thus the game starts.
- Position Arrangement:
The player who serves is called the server and the player who receives from the other side is called the receiver.
Service is the part where the game starts by hitting the ball for the first time by the racquet and served to the other player from one side of the court by the opponent player. Each serve has a point for the player. It is done tossing the ball in the air and hitting it to send it to the opposite side of the court where the other player is standing.
There are some crucial rules of serving which should be followed by the server for sure.
- The feet of the player of the serving end has to be behind the baseline and any contact should not be there.
- The server’s position is generally at the centre point of the right side of the baseline.
- The serving should be diagonal across the net. It has to be on the left side of the server’s perspective.
- The server cannot serve until the receiver is ready and vice versa.
- A service will be legal only if the ball crosses the net without touching the net or land. If the ball fall on the ground touching the net, then the server gets another chance to serve. This is called a ‘Let’ or ‘Net’. If this thing happens twice, then the server won’t get another chance and he/she will lose a point.
- If a player misses the ball at the time of serving or tossing, it will be considered as a faulty service.
- If a receiver does not let the ball to bounce before hitting back, that will be a point losing service for the person.
- The scoring system is a bit complex in this game. The match consists of several sets, game sand points. The player who wins the more number of sets, he/she will win the game. Each sets has 6 games.
- The beginning score of a Lawn tennis game is ‘Love’ or ‘zero’. Then the score goes to 15, 30, 40 etc. Then the 40-all is termed as ‘Deuce’ and the next point scored is called ‘Advantage’.
So this was the main rules of Tennis which is to be adhered to while playing.
Lawn Tennis Rules
Equipment used in Lawn Tennis
The main equipment in this game is racquet and ball. The different configurations are available for both the ball and racquet.
The racquet configuration consists of the frame, gripping handle and strings. The weight range of a racquet is 245 gm to 340 gm. It is depended upon the individual choices. The strings are attached at the head of the racquets. There are two types of strings in the market. This division is made according to the material of the string. The one is Gut Strings. These are made of intestines of cows. The professional players prefer this only for better tension bearing index, elasticity and stability. The other one is Synthetic Strings. These are made of nylon, Kevlar or polyester. They have very good endurance and durability.
The balls used in the professional Lawn Tennis games are made by the pressurized rubber technology. It has a hollow core-shell made by vulcanized rubber and covered by nylon or wool. The ball weight should be in the range of 2 to 2.17 ounces.
Lawn Tennis Court Dimension
The court is the main place which is to be made properly for a perfect match of Lawn Tennis. Mainly a Tennis court is rectangular in shape and size of 78 feet X 27 feet. This s for Singles match. For the Doubles matches, it will be 78 feet X 36 feet. The court can be clay or synthetic court too.
Famous Lawn Tennis Tournaments
There are so many Tennis tournaments take place throughout the year all over India. And people go ga-ga with these tournaments in a large amount. But there are 9 of them which are really very popular among all. So these 9 tournaments are always on the list of all Lawn Tennis lovers. Here we come with the list of all 9 tournaments here.
- US Open:
US Open is believed to be the most famous and most paid Lawn Tennis tournament. The payout of men’s and women’s is around 1.5 million dollars of this tournament. It takes place as Arthur Ashe Stadium which is at Flushing Meadows in New York. It is a Grand Slam Event.
US Open Tennis Championship – History, Facts, Best Matches and Players
Wimbledon is also a Grand Slam event which takes place in London. It is the oldest Lawn Tennis tournament in the entire world. The people who are a die-hard fan of Lawn Tennis, they should see the mesmerizing grass courts and traditional halls.
Wimbledon Tennis Championship: The Most coveted Tennis Mega event
- French Open:
This grand slam event takes place at Roland Garros in Paris. It happens in the springtime and it is mainly a clay-court tournament. The red surface is famous in this tournament.
French Open: A Sneak peek into world’s Most “Competitive” Tennis Event
- Australian Open:
This grand slam tournament takes place in Melbourne in January every year. It is counted as one of the best tournament of Lawn Tennis in the world.
Australian Open: A deep insight into one of the World’s best Tennis Tournaments
- Indian Wells Tennis Masters:
This tournament is also known as BNP Paribas Open and it takes place at Palm Desert. It happens 5th march of every year. The top talents come out of this tournament every year.
- ATP World Tour Finals:
ATP takes place every year in London. It happens at the end of each year and the London O2 area welcomes top 8 players all over the world in men’s singles category.
- Miami Open:
Miami Open takes place in Miami in the springtime. It is a hard court tournament and takes place in March every year. It draws a large amount of Lawn tennis lovers to Miami.
- Davis Cup:
It is mainly the men’s event. It is in knock out a format and played on the grass court. It takes place in different countries every year.
- Fed Cup:
Fed Cup is for women’s team. It also takes place in different countries each year.